Pachamanca House in Lima, Peru, borrows its name from an ancient Peruvian technique of cooking under the ground.The 682 square-meter home was built by 51-1 Arquitectos for a family of professional chefs and their daughters. Its hillside location allows the inhabitants to take advantage of some amazing views of the ocean and the city of Lima. The clients’ brief requested a residence that was respectful to the environment while in the same time celebrating conceptual luxury, rather than material opulence.

In a place where vegetation is scarce due to lack of rain, the architects went with a bold design plan: “Instead of a building, we decided to start the project by generating an exuberant green landscape. Buildings tend to age and get uglier while vegetation grows and gets better over time. Manipulating the site we generated a hill, a valley, a plateau, a cliff, a cave, a ravine, a shore…then each corresponded to certain vegetation class while changing altitude: trees, grasses, vegetables, hanging plants, xerophilous, hydrophytes”. The plan of the residence plays with space, offering multiple levels, various entrances and many possible itineraries inside and out. How would you personally comment on this architecture approach in Peru? [Photography: Cristobal Palma / Estudio Palma]